Effectively monitoring HMF (hydroxymethylfurfural) levels is essential in determining the overall quality of honey, as well as evaluating its conformity to current regulatory standards.

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HMF (Hydroxymethylfurfural) and its presence in honey has been firmly embedded into the product’s overall quality legislation, exemplified by the honey standards of the Codex Alimentarius. A natural component of the sweetener, HMF can be found at a very low level even in fresh honey, reaching a maximum of 20 mg / kg after processing, storage, shipping and warehousing; providing the producer with a better idea of the ‘freshness’ of the product.

HMF is the breakdown of fructose, one of the main sugars in honey, in the presence of acid. It is formed slowly during storage and very quickly during heating, making it a great indicator of honey quality since it increases with temperature and storage time. The use of the HMF value alone is enough to provide all of the information required to estimate the total heat exposure of all honey, making it one of the most common honey quality tests.

According to Codex Alimentarius, honey must meet the 40 mg/kg HMF limit after processing and/or blending, except for honey that has come from tropical climates or blends of these in which case a higher limit of 80 mg/kg is permitted. Honey that does not meet regulations in terms of moisture, HMF or diastase activity may still be sold as ‘industrial’ or ‘bakers’ honey.

Using the RX altona analyser, the most modern analyser available on the honey market, users can obtain fast and highly accurate results for the overall level of HMF within honey. The process is simple; weigh out 5g of honey and dissolve, transfer to a flask, add the various reagents and swirl to mix. The volume is then diluted and filtered before being used directly in the assay.* With a minimum detection limit of 10 mg/kg, the screening kit is highly sensitive, producing results in line with current regulations in as little as 2 minutes.

The versatile analyser is also capable of detecting diastase and total sugar levels, and has open channels to allow new tests menus to be easily updated onto the system. Along with a touch screen display, test menu personalisation and an increase in automatic features, the overall efficiency of results is improved, guaranteeing precision and accuracy.

Alongside HMF screening, the RX altona has open channels to allow further tests to be conducted on the honey, including Glucose / Fructose and Diastase, with additional tests in development. For further information on this product, or any of our others, contact us today to speak with a representative in your region: info@randoxfood.com

*providing the concentration falls below 100 mg/kg. 

RFD Press office

Randox Food Diagnostics digital press officer

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